Baltic States - In 2002, with the support of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), CIET surveyed attitudes and experiences of unofficial payments in the health care and licencing sectors of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Bolivia - At the request of the Vice-President, some 33,000 people,1,600 businesses and hundreds of public servants were consulted on corruption.
Bosnia - The World Bank cash assistance programme was evaluated to estimate system leakage, targeting and programme misses.
Mali - An enquiry into the how people view availability and quality of public services identified corruption affecting women and men.
Pakistan - An audit of the gender gap in primary education revealed teachers demanding unofficial charges from students. A social audit on abuse against women sought to identify ways in which local action could improve the situation of women. A social audit on people's responses to the devolution of public services is tracking devolution's impact at local levels over a five-year period.
South Africa, Gauteng - The role of corruption in the prosecution and conviction of rape cases set the stage for a much broader-based programme to prevent sexual violence.
South Africa, Wild Coast - Unofficial charges for health care and other public services were a major factor in the failure of small and micro-enterprises to accumulate sufficient wealth for survival.
Tanzania - The Tanzanian Presidential Commission on Corruption requested a social audit as part of its anti-corruption strategy. It documented corruption in the police, revenue and land sectors.
Uganda - Audits of the health and agriculture sectors were done in 1995. The 1998 national integrity survey included the experience of nearly 100,000 people and 1,500 civil servants, producing district-level integrity indicators on the police, judiciary, health, education and local administration.